Philips Semiconductors, "Power Semiconductor Applications", APPCHP3, 91 pages.
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Titre : Philips Semiconductors, Power Semiconductor Applications, APPCHP3, 91 pages.

Cité dans : [DIV126]  T. LEQUEU, Librairie des fichiers PDF de composants, janvier 2018.
Auteur : Philips Semiconductors

Site : http://www.semiconductors.philips.com - Philips Semiconductors
Lien : APPCHP3.pdf - 91 pages, 190 Ko, Philips Semiconductors, "Power Semiconductor Applications".
Pages : 1 - 91

Vers : CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Power Semiconductors 1
Vers : CHAPTER 2 Switched Mode Power Supplies 103
Vers : CHAPTER 3 Motor Control 241
Vers : CHAPTER 4 Televisions and Monitors 317
Vers : CHAPTER 5 Automotive Power Electronics 421
Vers : CHAPTER 6 Power Control with Thyristors and Triacs 485
Vers : CHAPTER 7 Thermal Management 553
Vers : CHAPTER 8 Lighting 575
Vers : Index - Power Semiconductor Applications - Philips Semiconductors


CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Power Semiconductors 1

TOP

General 3
1.1.1 An Introduction To Power Devices 5
Power MOSFET 17
1.2.1 PowerMOS Introduction . 19
1.2.2 Understanding Power MOSFET Switching Behaviour . 29
1.2.3 Power MOSFET Drive Circuits 39
1.2.4 Parallel Operation of Power MOSFETs . 49
1.2.5 Series Operation of Power MOSFETs . 53
1.2.6 Logic Level FETS 57
1.2.7 Avalanche Ruggedness . 61
1.2.8 Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Considerations 67
1.2.9 Understanding the Data Sheet: PowerMOS 69
High Voltage Bipolar Transistor 77
1.3.1 Introduction To High Voltage Bipolar Transistors 79
1.3.2 Effects of Base Drive on Switching Times . 83
1.3.3 Using High Voltage Bipolar Transistors . 91
1.3.4 Understanding The Data Sheet: High Voltage Transistors . 97


CHAPTER 2 Switched Mode Power Supplies 103

TOP

Using Power Semiconductors in Switched Mode Topologies 105
2.1.1 An Introduction to Switched Mode Power Supply Topologies . 107
2.1.2 The Power Supply Designer’s Guide to High Voltage Transistors 129
2.1.3 Base Circuit Design for High Voltage Bipolar Transistors in Power Converters . 141
2.1.4 Isolated Power Semiconductors for High Frequency Power Supply Applications . 153
Output Rectification 159
2.2.1 Fast Recovery Epitaxial Diodes for use in High Frequency Rectification 161
2.2.2 Schottky Diodes from Philips Semiconductors 173
2.2.3 An Introduction to Synchronous Rectifier Circuits using PowerMOS Transistors . 179
Design Examples 185
2.3.1 Mains Input 100 W Forward Converter SMPS: MOSFET and Bipolar Transistor Solutions featuring ETD Cores .187
2.3.2 Flexible, Low Cost, Self-Oscillating Power Supply using an ETD34 Two-Part Coil Former and 3C85 Ferrite 199
Magnetics Design 205
2.4.1 Improved Ferrite Materials and Core Outlines for High Frequency Power Supplies .207
Resonant Power Supplies 217
2.5.1. An Introduction To Resonant Power Supplies 219
2.5.2. Resonant Power Supply Converters - The Solution For Mains Pollution Problems 225


CHAPTER 3 Motor Control 241

TOP

AC Motor Control 243
3.1.1 Noiseless A.C. Motor Control: Introduction to a 20 kHz System .245
3.1.2 The Effect of a MOSFET’s Peak to Average Current Rating on Invertor Efficiency .251
3.1.3 MOSFETs and FREDFETs for Motor Drive Equipment .253
3.1.4 A Designers Guide to PowerMOS Devices for Motor Control .259
3.1.5 A 300V, 40A High Frequency Inverter Pole Using Paralleled FREDFET Modules .273
DC Motor Control 283
3.2.1 Chopper circuits for DC motor control .285
3.2.2 A switched-mode controller for DC motors 293
3.2.3 Brushless DC Motor Systems 301
Stepper Motor Control 307
3.3.1 Stepper Motor Control .309


CHAPTER 4 Televisions and Monitors 317

TOP

Power Devices in TV & Monitor Applications (including selection guides) 319
4.1.1 An Introduction to Horizontal Deflection 321
4.1.2 The BU25XXA/D Range of Deflection Transistors 331
4.1.3 Philips HVT’s for TV & Monitor Applications 339
4.1.4 TV and Monitor Damper Diodes 345
TV Deflection Circuit Examples 349
4.2.1 Application Information for the 16 kHz Black Line Picture Tubes 351
4.2.2 32 kHz / 100 Hz Deflection Circuits for the 66FS Black Line Picture Tube 361
SMPS Circuit Examples 377
4.3.1 A 70W Full Performance TV SMPS Using The TDA8380 . 379
4.3.2 A Synchronous 200W SMPS for 16 and 32 kHz TV 389
Monitor Deflection Circuit Example 397
4.4.1 A Versatile 30 - 64 kHz Autosync Monitor . 399


CHAPTER 5 Automotive Power Electronics 421

TOP

Automotive Motor Control (including selection guides) 423
5.1.1 Automotive Motor Control With Philips MOSFETS 425
Automotive Lamp Control (including selection guides) 433
5.2.1 Automotive Lamp Control With Philips MOSFETS 435
The TOPFET 443
5.3.1 An Introduction to the 3 pin TOPFET . 445
5.3.2 An Introduction to the 5 pin TOPFET . 447
5.3.3 BUK101-50DL - a Microcontroller compatible TOPFET 449
5.3.4 Protection with 5 pin TOPFETs . 451
5.3.5 Driving TOPFETs . 453
5.3.6 High Side PWM Lamp Dimmer using TOPFET . 455
5.3.7 Linear Control with TOPFET 457
5.3.8 PWM Control with TOPFET . 459
5.3.9 Isolated Drive for TOPFET 461
5.3.10 3 pin and 5 pin TOPFET Leadforms 463
5.3.11 TOPFET Input Voltage 465
5.3.12 Negative Input and TOPFET . 467
5.3.13 Switching Inductive Loads with TOPFET . 469
5.3.14 Driving DC Motors with TOPFET . 471
5.3.15 An Introduction to the High Side TOPFET . 473
5.3.16 High Side Linear Drive with TOPFET 475
Automotive Ignition 477
5.4.1 An Introduction to Electronic Automotive Ignition 479
5.4.2 IGBTs for Automotive Ignition 481
5.4.3 Electronic Switches for Automotive Ignition . 483


CHAPTER 6 Power Control with Thyristors and Triacs 485

TOP

Using Thyristors and Triacs 487
6.1.1 Introduction to Thyristors and Triacs . 489
6.1.2 Using Thyristors and Triacs . 497
6.1.3 The Peak Current Handling Capability of Thyristors 505
6.1.4 Understanding Thyristor and Triac Data 509
Thyristor and Triac Applications 521
6.2.1 Triac Control of DC Inductive Loads 523
6.2.2 Domestic Power Control with Triacs and Thyristors 527
6.2.3 Design of a Time Proportional Temperature Controller . 537
Hi-Com Triacs 547
6.3.1 Understanding Hi-Com Triacs . 549
6.3.2 Using Hi-Com Triacs 551


CHAPTER 7 Thermal Management 553

TOP

Thermal Considerations 555
7.1.1 Thermal Considerations for Power Semiconductors . 557
7.1.2 Heat Dissipation . 567


CHAPTER 8 Lighting 575

TOP

Fluorescent Lamp Control 577
8.1.1 Efficient Fluorescent Lighting using Electronic Ballasts . 579
8.1.2 Electronic Ballasts - Philips Transistor Selection Guide 587
8.1.3 An Electronic Ballast - Base Drive Optimisation 589


Index - Power Semiconductor Applications - Philips Semiconductors

TOP

Airgap, transformer core, 111, 113
Anti saturation diode, 590
Asynchronous, 497
Automotive
fans
see motor control
IGBT, 481, 483
ignition, 479, 481, 483
lamps, 435, 455
motor control, 425, 457, 459, 471, 475
resistive loads, 442
reverse battery, 452, 473, 479
screen heater, 442
seat heater, 442
solenoids, 469
TOPFET, 473
Avalanche, 61
Avalanche breakdown
thyristor, 490
Avalanche multiplication, 134
Baker clamp, 138, 187, 190
Ballast
electronic, 580
fluorescent lamp, 579
switchstart, 579
Base drive, 136
base inductor, 147
base inductor, diode assisted, 148
base resistor, 146
drive transformer, 145
drive transformer leakage inductance, 149
electronic ballast, 589
forward converter, 187
power converters, 141
speed-up capacitor, 143
Base inductor, 144, 147
Base inductor, diode assisted, 148
Boost converter, 109
continuous mode, 109
discontinuous mode, 109
output ripple, 109
Bootstrap, 303
Breakback voltage
diac, 492
Breakdown voltage, 70
Breakover current
diac, 492
Breakover voltage
diac, 492, 592
thyristor, 490
Bridge circuits
see Motor Control - AC
Brushless motor, 301, 303
Buck-boost converter, 110
Buck converter, 108 - 109
Burst firing, 537
Burst pulses, 564
Capacitance
junction, 29
Capacitor
mains dropper, 544
CENELEC, 537
Charge carriers, 133
triac commutation, 549
Choke
fluorescent lamp, 580
Choppers, 285
Clamp diode, 117
Clamp winding, 113
Commutation
diode, 164
Hi-Com triac, 551
thyristor, 492
triac, 494, 523, 529
Compact fluorescent lamp, 585
Continuous mode
see Switched Mode Power Supplies
Continuous operation, 557
Converter (dc-dc)
switched mode power supply, 107
Cookers, 537
Cooling
forced, 572
natural, 570
Crest factor, 529
Critical electric field, 134
Cross regulation, 114, 117
Current fed resonant inverter, 589
Current Mode Control, 120
Current tail, 138, 143
Damper Diodes, 345, 367
forward recovery, 328, 348
losses, 347
outlines, 345
picture distortion, 328, 348
selection guide, 345
Darlington, 13
Data Sheets
High Voltage Bipolar Transistor, 92,97,331
MOSFET, 69
i.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
dc-dc converter, 119
Depletion region, 133
Desaturation networks, 86
Baker clamp, 91, 138
dI/dt
triac, 531
Diac, 492, 500, 527, 530, 591
Diode, 6
double diffused, 162
epitaxial, 161
schottky, 173
structure, 161
Diode Modulator, 327, 367
Disc drives, 302
Discontinuous mode
see Switched Mode Power Supplies
Domestic Appliances, 527
Dropper
capacitive, 544
resistive, 544, 545
Duty cycle, 561
EFD core
see magnetics
Efficiency Diodes
see Damper Diodes
Electric drill, 531
Electronic ballast, 580
base drive optimisation, 589
current fed half bridge, 584, 587, 589
current fed push pull, 583, 587
flyback, 582
transistor selection guide, 587
voltage fed half bridge, 584, 588
voltage fed push pull, 583, 587
EMC, 260, 455
see RFI, ESD
TOPFET, 473
Emitter shorting
triac, 549
Epitaxial diode, 161
characteristics, 163
dI/dt, 164
forward recovery, 168
lifetime control, 162
operating frequency, 165
passivation, 162
reverse leakage, 169
reverse recovery, 162, 164
reverse recovery softness, 167
selection guide, 171
snap-off, 167
softness factor, 167
stored charge, 162
technology, 162
ESD, 67
see Protection, ESD
precautions, 67
ETD core
see magnetics
F-pack
see isolated package
Fall time, 143, 144
Fast Recovery Epitaxial Diode (FRED)
see epitaxial diode
FBSOA, 134
Ferrites
see magnetics
Flicker
fluorescent lamp, 580
Fluorescent lamp, 579
colour rendering, 579
colour temperature, 579
efficacy, 579, 580
triphosphor, 579
Flyback converter, 110, 111, 113
advantages, 114
clamp winding, 113
continuous mode, 114
coupled inductor, 113
cross regulation, 114
diodes, 115
disadvantages, 114
discontinuous mode, 114
electronic ballast, 582
leakage inductance, 113
magnetics, 213
operation, 113
rectifier circuit, 180
self oscillating power supply, 199
synchronous rectifier, 156, 181
transformer core airgap, 111, 113
transistors, 115
Flyback converter (two transistor), 111, 114
Food mixer, 531
Forward converter, 111, 116
advantages, 116
clamp diode, 117
conduction loss, 197
continuous mode, 116
core loss, 116
core saturation, 117
cross regulation, 117
diodes, 118
disadvantages, 117
duty ratio, 117
ferrite cores, 116
magnetics, 213
magnetisation energy, 116, 117
ii.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
operation, 116
output diodes, 117
output ripple, 116
rectifier circuit, 180
reset winding, 117
switched mode power supply, 187
switching frequency, 195
switching losses, 196
synchronous rectifier, 157, 181
transistors, 118
Forward converter (two transistor), 111, 117
Forward recovery, 168
FREDFET, 250, 253, 305
bridge circuit, 255
charge, 254
diode, 254
drive, 262
loss, 256
reverse recovery, 254
FREDFETs
motor control, 259
Full bridge converter, 111, 125
advantages, 125
diodes, 126
disadvantages, 125
operation, 125
transistors, 126
Gate
triac, 538
Gate drive
forward converter, 195
Gold doping, 162, 169
GTO, 11
Guard ring
schottky diode, 174
Half bridge, 253
Half bridge circuits
see also Motor Control - AC
Half bridge converter, 111, 122
advantages, 122
clamp diodes, 122
cross conduction, 122
diodes, 124
disadvantages, 122
electronic ballast, 584, 587, 589
flux symmetry, 122
magnetics, 214
operation, 122
synchronous rectifier, 157
transistor voltage, 122
transistors, 124
voltage doubling, 122
Heat dissipation, 567
Heat sink compound, 567
Heater controller, 544
Heaters, 537
Heatsink, 569
Heatsink compound, 514
Hi-Com triac, 519, 549, 551
commutation, 551
dIcom/dt, 552
gate trigger current, 552
inductive load control, 551
High side switch
MOSFET, 44, 436
TOPFET, 430, 473
High Voltage Bipolar Transistor, 8, 79, 91,
141, 341
‘bathtub’ curves, 333
avalanche breakdown, 131
avalanche multiplication, 134
Baker clamp, 91, 138
base-emitter breakdown, 144
base drive, 83, 92, 96, 136, 336, 385
base drive circuit, 145
base inductor, 138, 144, 147
base inductor, diode assisted, 148
base resistor, 146
breakdown voltage, 79, 86, 92
carrier concentration, 151
carrier injection, 150
conductivity modulation, 135, 150
critical electric field, 134
current crowding, 135, 136
current limiting values, 132
current tail, 138, 143
current tails, 86, 91
d-type, 346
data sheet, 92, 97, 331
depletion region, 133
desaturation, 86, 88, 91
device construction, 79
dI/dt, 139
drive transformer, 145
drive transformer leakage inductance, 149
dV/dt, 139
electric field, 133
electronic ballast, 581, 585, 587, 589
Fact Sheets, 334
fall time, 86, 99, 143, 144
FBSOA, 92, 99, 134
hard turn-off, 86
horizontal deflection, 321, 331, 341
leakage current, 98
limiting values, 97
losses, 92, 333, 342
Miller capacitance, 139
operation, 150
iii.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
optimum drive, 88
outlines, 332, 346
over current, 92, 98
over voltage, 92, 97
overdrive, 85, 88, 137, 138
passivation, 131
power limiting value, 132
process technology, 80
ratings, 97
RBSOA, 93, 99, 135, 138, 139
RC network, 148
reverse recovery, 143, 151
safe operating area, 99, 134
saturation, 150
saturation current, 79, 98, 341
secondary breakdown, 92, 133
smooth turn-off, 86
SMPS, 94, 339, 383
snubber, 139
space charge, 133
speed-up capacitor, 143
storage time, 86, 91, 92, 99, 138, 144, 342
sub emitter resistance, 135
switching, 80, 83, 86, 91, 98, 342
technology, 129, 149
thermal breakdown, 134
thermal runaway, 152
turn-off, 91, 92, 138, 142, 146, 151
turn-on, 91, 136, 141, 149, 150
underdrive, 85, 88
voltage limiting values, 130
Horizontal Deflection, 321, 367
base drive, 336
control ic, 401
d-type transistors, 346
damper diodes, 345, 367
diode modulator, 327, 347, 352, 367
drive circuit, 352, 365, 406
east-west correction, 325, 352, 367
line output transformer, 354
linearity correction, 323
operating cycle, 321, 332, 347
s-correction, 323, 352, 404
TDA2595, 364, 368
TDA4851, 400
TDA8433, 363, 369
test circuit, 321
transistors, 331, 341, 408
waveforms, 322
IGBT, 11, 305
automotive, 481, 483
clamped, 482, 484
ignition, 481, 483
Ignition
automotive, 479, 481, 483
darlington, 483
Induction heating, 53
Induction motor
see Motor Control - AC
Inductive load
see Solenoid
Inrush current, 528, 530
Intrinsic silicon, 133
Inverter, 260, 273
see motor control ac
current fed, 52, 53
switched mode power supply, 107
Irons, electric, 537
Isolated package, 154
stray capacitance, 154, 155
thermal resistance, 154
Isolation, 153
J-FET, 9
Junction temperature, 470, 557, 561
burst pulses, 564
non-rectangular pulse, 565
rectangular pulse, composite, 562
rectangular pulse, periodic, 561
rectangular pulse, single shot, 561
Lamp dimmer, 530
Lamps, 435
dI/dt, 438
inrush current, 438
MOSFET, 435
PWM control, 455
switch rate, 438
TOPFET, 455
Latching current
thyristor, 490
Leakage inductance, 113, 200, 523
Lifetime control, 162
Lighting
fluorescent, 579
phase control, 530
Logic Level FET
motor control, 432
Logic level MOSFET, 436
Magnetics, 207
100W 100kHz forward converter, 197
100W 50kHz forward converter, 191
50W flyback converter, 199
core losses, 208
core materials, 207
EFD core, 210
ETD core, 199, 207
iv.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
flyback converter, 213
forward converter, 213
half bridge converter, 214
power density, 211
push-pull converter, 213
switched mode power supply, 187
switching frequency, 215
transformer construction, 215
Mains Flicker, 537
Mains pollution, 225
pre-converter, 225
Mains transient, 544
Mesa glass, 162
Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV), 503
Miller capacitance, 139
Modelling, 236, 265
MOS Controlled Thyristor, 13
MOSFET, 9, 19, 153, 253
bootstrap, 303
breakdown voltage, 22, 70
capacitance, 30, 57, 72, 155, 156
capacitances, 24
characteristics, 23, 70 - 72
charge, 32, 57
data sheet, 69
dI/dt, 36
diode, 253
drive, 262, 264
drive circuit loss, 156
driving, 39, 250
dV/dt, 36, 39, 264
ESD, 67
gate-source protection, 264
gate charge, 195
gate drive, 195
gate resistor, 156
high side, 436
high side drive, 44
inductive load, 62
lamps, 435
leakage current, 71
linear mode, parallelling, 52
logic level, 37, 57, 305
loss, 26, 34
maximum current, 69
motor control, 259, 429
modelling, 265
on-resistance, 21, 71
package inductance, 49, 73
parallel operation, 26, 47, 49, 265
parasitic oscillations, 51
peak current rating, 251
Resonant supply, 53
reverse diode, 73
ruggedness, 61, 73
safe operating area, 25, 74
series operation, 53
SMPS, 339, 384
solenoid, 62
structure, 19
switching, 24, 29, 58, 73, 194, 262
switching loss, 196
synchronous rectifier, 179
thermal impedance, 74
thermal resistance, 70
threshold voltage, 21, 70
transconductance, 57, 72
turn-off, 34, 36
turn-on, 32, 34, 35, 155, 256
Motor, universal
back EMF, 531
starting, 528
Motor Control - AC, 245, 273
anti-parallel diode, 253
antiparallel diode, 250
carrier frequency, 245
control, 248
current rating, 262
dc link, 249
diode, 261
diode recovery, 250
duty ratio, 246
efficiency, 262
EMC, 260
filter, 250
FREDFET, 250, 259, 276
gate drives, 249
half bridge, 245
inverter, 250, 260, 273
line voltage, 262
loss, 267
MOSFET, 259
Parallel MOSFETs, 276
peak current, 251
phase voltage, 262
power factor, 262
pulse width modulation, 245, 260
ripple, 246
short circuit, 251
signal isolation, 250
snubber, 276
speed control, 248
switching frequency, 246
three phase bridge, 246
underlap, 248
Motor Control - DC, 285, 293, 425
braking, 285, 299
brushless, 301
control, 290, 295, 303
current rating, 288
v.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
drive, 303
duty cycle, 286
efficiency, 293
FREDFET, 287
freewheel diode, 286
full bridge, 287
half bridge, 287
high side switch, 429
IGBT, 305
inrush, 430
inverter, 302
linear, 457, 475
logic level FET, 432
loss, 288
MOSFET, 287, 429
motor current, 295
overload, 430
permanent magnet, 293, 301
permanent magnet motor, 285
PWM, 286, 293, 459, 471
servo, 298
short circuit, 431
stall, 431
TOPFET, 430, 457, 459, 475
topologies, 286
torque, 285, 294
triac, 525
voltage rating, 288
Motor Control - Stepper, 309
bipolar, 310
chopper, 314
drive, 313
hybrid, 312
permanent magnet, 309
reluctance, 311
step angle, 309
unipolar, 310
Mounting, transistor, 154
Mounting base temperature, 557
Mounting torque, 514
Parasitic oscillation, 149
Passivation, 131, 162
PCB Design, 368, 419
Phase angle, 500
Phase control, 546
thyristors and triacs, 498
triac, 523
Phase voltage
see motor control - ac
Power dissipation, 557
see High Voltage Bipolar Transistor loss,
MOSFET loss
Power factor correction, 580
active, boost converted, 581
Power MOSFET
see MOSFET
Proportional control, 537
Protection
ESD, 446, 448, 482
overvoltage, 446, 448, 469
reverse battery, 452, 473, 479
short circuit, 251, 446, 448
temperature, 446, 447, 471
TOPFET, 445, 447, 451
Pulse operation, 558
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM), 108
Push-pull converter, 111, 119
advantages, 119
clamp diodes, 119
cross conduction, 119
current mode control, 120
diodes, 121
disadvantages, 119
duty ratio, 119
electronic ballast, 582, 587
flux symmetry, 119, 120
magnetics, 213
multiple outputs, 119
operation, 119
output filter, 119
output ripple, 119
rectifier circuit, 180
switching frequency, 119
transformer, 119
transistor voltage, 119
transistors, 121
Qs (stored charge), 162
RBSOA, 93, 99, 135, 138, 139
Rectification, synchronous, 179
Reset winding, 117
Resistor
mains dropper, 544, 545
Resonant power supply, 219, 225
modelling, 236
MOSFET, 52, 53
pre-converter, 225
Reverse leakage, 169
Reverse recovery, 143, 162
RFI, 154, 158, 167, 393, 396, 497, 529, 530,
537
Ruggedness
MOSFET, 62, 73
schottky diode, 173
Safe Operating Area (SOA), 25, 74, 134, 557
forward biased, 92, 99, 134
reverse biased, 93, 99, 135, 138, 139
vi.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
Saturable choke
triac, 523
Schottky diode, 173
bulk leakage, 174
edge leakage, 174
guard ring, 174
reverse leakage, 174
ruggedness, 173
selection guide, 176
technology, 173
SCR
see Thyristor
Secondary breakdown, 133
Selection Guides
BU25XXA, 331
BU25XXD, 331
damper diodes, 345
EPI diodes, 171
horizontal deflection, 343
MOSFETs driving heaters, 442
MOSFETs driving lamps, 441
MOSFETs driving motors, 426
Schottky diodes, 176
SMPS, 339
Self Oscillating Power Supply (SOPS)
50W microcomputer flyback converter, 199
ETD transformer, 199
Servo, 298
Single ended push-pull
see half bridge converter
Snap-off, 167
Snubber, 93, 139, 495, 502, 523, 529, 549
active, 279
Softness factor, 167
Solenoid
TOPFET, 469, 473
turn off, 469, 473
Solid state relay, 501
SOT186, 154
SOT186A, 154
SOT199, 154
Space charge, 133
Speed-up capacitor, 143
Speed control
thyristor, 531
triac, 527
Starter
fluorescent lamp, 580
Startup circuit
electronic ballast, 591
self oscillating power supply, 201
Static Induction Thyristor, 11
Stepdown converter, 109
Stepper motor, 309
Stepup converter, 109
Storage time, 144
Stored charge, 162
Suppression
mains transient, 544
Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS)
see also self oscillating power supply
100W 100kHz MOSFET forward converter,
192
100W 500kHz half bridge converter, 153
100W 50kHz bipolar forward converter, 187
16 & 32 kHz TV, 389
asymmetrical, 111, 113
base circuit design, 149
boost converter, 109
buck-boost converter, 110
buck converter, 108
ceramic output filter, 153
continuous mode, 109, 379
control ic, 391
control loop, 108
core excitation, 113
core loss, 167
current mode control, 120
dc-dc converter, 119
diode loss, 166
diode reverse recovery effects, 166
diode reverse recovery softness, 167
diodes, 115, 118, 121, 124, 126
discontinuous mode, 109, 379
epitaxial diodes, 112, 161
flux swing, 111
flyback converter, 92, 111, 113, 123
forward converter, 111, 116, 379
full bridge converter, 111, 125
half bridge converter, 111, 122
high voltage bipolar transistor, 94, 112, 115,
118, 121, 124, 126, 129, 339, 383, 392
isolated, 113
isolated packages, 153
isolation, 108, 111
magnetics design, 191, 197
magnetisation energy, 113
mains filter, 380
mains input, 390
MOSFET, 112, 153, 33, 384
multiple output, 111, 156
non-isolated, 108
opto-coupler, 392
output rectifiers, 163
parasitic oscillation, 149
power-down, 136
power-up, 136, 137, 139
power MOSFET, 153, 339, 384
pulse width modulation, 108
push-pull converter, 111, 119
vii.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
RBSOA failure, 139
rectification, 381, 392
rectification efficiency, 163
rectifier selection, 112
regulation, 108
reliability, 139
resonant
see resonant power supply
RFI, 154, 158, 167
schottky diode, 112, 154, 173
snubber, 93, 139, 383
soft start, 138
standby, 382
standby supply, 392
start-up, 391
stepdown, 109
stepup, 109
symmetrical, 111, 119, 122
synchronisation, 382
synchronous rectification, 156, 179
TDA8380, 381, 391
topologies, 107
topology output powers, 111
transformer, 111
transformer saturation, 138
transformers, 391
transistor current limiting value, 112
transistor mounting, 154
transistor selection, 112
transistor turn-off, 138
transistor turn-on, 136
transistor voltage limiting value, 112
transistors, 115, 118, 121, 124, 126
turns ratio, 111
TV & Monitors, 339, 379, 399
two transistor flyback, 111, 114
two transistor forward, 111, 117
Switching loss, 230
Synchronous, 497
Synchronous rectification, 156, 179
self driven, 181
transformer driven, 180
Temperature control, 537
Thermal
continuous operation, 557, 568
intermittent operation, 568
non-rectangular pulse, 565
pulse operation, 558
rectangular pulse, composite, 562
rectangular pulse, periodic, 561
rectangular pulse, single shot, 561
single shot operation, 561
Thermal capacity, 558, 568
Thermal characteristics
power semiconductors, 557
Thermal impedance, 74, 568
Thermal resistance, 70, 154, 557
Thermal time constant, 568
Thyristor, 10, 497, 509
’two transistor’ model, 490
applications, 527
asynchronous control, 497
avalanche breakdown, 490
breakover voltage, 490, 509
cascading, 501
commutation, 492
control, 497
current rating, 511
dI/dt, 490
dIf/dt, 491
dV/dt, 490
energy handling, 505
external commutation, 493
full wave control, 499
fusing I
2
t, 503, 512
gate cathode resistor, 500
gate circuits, 500
gate current, 490
gate power, 492
gate requirements, 492
gate specifications, 512
gate triggering, 490
half wave control, 499
holding current, 490, 509
inductive loads, 500
inrush current, 503
latching current, 490, 509
leakage current, 490
load line, 492
mounting, 514
operation, 490
overcurrent, 503
peak current, 505
phase angle, 500
phase control, 498, 527
pulsed gate, 500
resistive loads, 498
resonant circuit, 493
reverse characteristic, 489
reverse recovery, 493
RFI, 497
self commutation, 493
series choke, 502
snubber, 502
speed controller, 531
static switching, 497
structure, 489
switching, 489
viii.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
switching characteristics, 517
synchronous control, 497
temperature rating, 512
thermal specifications, 512
time proportional control, 497
transient protection, 502
trigger angle, 500
turn-off time, 494
turn-on, 490, 509
turn-on dI/dt, 502
varistor, 503
voltage rating, 510
Thyristor data, 509
Time proportional control, 537
TOPFET
3 pin, 445, 449, 461
5 pin, 447, 451, 457, 459, 463
driving, 449, 453, 461, 465, 467, 475
high side, 473, 475
lamps, 455
leadforms, 463
linear control, 451, 457
motor control, 430, 457, 459
negative input, 456, 465, 467
protection, 445, 447, 451, 469, 473
PWM control, 451, 455, 459
solenoids, 469
Transformer
triac controlled, 523
Transformer core airgap, 111, 113
Transformers
see magnetics
Transient thermal impedance, 559
Transient thermal response, 154
Triac, 497, 510, 518
400Hz operation, 489, 518
applications, 527, 537
asynchronous control, 497
breakover voltage, 510
charge carriers, 549
commutating dI/dt, 494
commutating dV/dt, 494
commutation, 494, 518, 523, 529, 549
control, 497
dc inductive load, 523
dc motor control, 525
dI/dt, 531, 549
dIcom/dt, 523
dV/dt, 523, 549
emitter shorting, 549
full wave control, 499
fusing I
2
t, 503, 512
gate cathode resistor, 500
gate circuits, 500
gate current, 491
gate requirements, 492
gate resistor, 540, 545
gate sensitivity, 491
gate triggering, 538
holding current, 491, 510
Hi-Com, 549, 551
inductive loads, 500
inrush current, 503
isolated trigger, 501
latching current, 491, 510
operation, 491
overcurrent, 503
phase angle, 500
phase control, 498, 527, 546
protection, 544
pulse triggering, 492
pulsed gate, 500
quadrants, 491, 510
resistive loads, 498
RFI, 497
saturable choke, 523
series choke, 502
snubber, 495, 502, 523, 529, 549
speed controller, 527
static switching, 497
structure, 489
switching, 489
synchronous control, 497
transformer load, 523
transient protection, 502
trigger angle, 492, 500
triggering, 550
turn-on dI/dt, 502
varistor, 503
zero crossing, 537
Trigger angle, 500
TV & Monitors
16 kHz black line, 351
30-64 kHz autosync, 399
32 kHz black line, 361
damper diodes, 345, 367
diode modulator, 327, 367
EHT, 352 - 354, 368, 409, 410
high voltage bipolar transistor, 339, 341
horizontal deflection, 341
picture distortion, 348
power MOSFET, 339
SMPS, 339, 354, 379, 389, 399
vertical deflection, 358, 364, 402
Two transistor flyback converter, 111, 114
Two transistor forward converter, 111, 117
Universal motor
back EMF, 531
ix.Index Power Semiconductor Applications
Philips Semiconductors
starting, 528
Vacuum cleaner, 527
Varistor, 503
Vertical Deflection, 358, 364, 402
Voltage doubling, 122
Water heaters, 537
Zero crossing, 537
Zero voltage switching, 537
x


Mise à jour le dimanche 1 avril 2018 à 11 h 35 - E-mail : thierry.lequeu@gmail.com
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