P.-T. KREIN, "Element of power electronics", Oxford University Press, 1997.
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Titre : P.-T. KREIN, Element of power electronics, Oxford University Press, 1997.

Cité dans : [DIV094]  Recherche sur l'auteur Philip T. KREIN, juillet 2007.
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Cité dans :[99DIV060] Recherche sur les REDRESSEURS, février 2015.
Cité dans :[99DIV084] Recherche sur les mots clés RESONAN* ou INDUCTION* ou HEATING, juin 2004.
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Cité dans : [DATA019] Liste d'ouvrages en Electronique de Puissance - EDP, LMP site ST et LMP site EIT, novembre 2002.
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Cité dans :[99ART039]
Auteur : Philip T. KREIN

Lien : KreinPhi.jpg - image, 6 Ko.
Date : novembre 1997
Pages : 1 800 environ

Stockage : Bibliothèque LMP - site EIT.
Mots_clés : électronique de puissance
Fiche : LMP1997-48
Edition : Oxford University Press http://www.oup-usa.org
Référence : Livre 9731/LMP
Date_d'achat : 22-Dec-97
Prix : 500.53 F

Vers : Web site
Vers : Contents

Krein1.jpg - 70 Ko.


Web site

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A Web site, http://power.ece.uiuc.edu/krein_text is maintained for the textbook.
A Solutions Manual is available through the World Wide Web to registered faculty members.
1998 Oxford University Press.


Contents

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Info : Page numbers are from the final manuscript, and differ from the printed textbook.
Vers : PART I : PRINCIPLES
Vers : CHAPTER 1 : BACKGROUND. 3
Vers : CHAPTER 2 : ORGANIZING AND ANALYZING SWITCHES45
Vers : CHAPTER 3 : CONVERTER CONCEPTS.99

Vers : PART II : CONVERTERS AND APPLICATIONS
Vers : CHAPTER 4 : DC-DC CONVERTERS. 135
Vers : CHAPTER 5 : DIODE-CAPACITOR CIRCUITS AND RECTIFIERS 185
Vers : CHAPTER 6 : INVERTERS 235
Vers : CHAPTER 7 : AC-AC CONVERTERS. 279
Vers : CHAPTER 8 : INTRODUCTION TO RESONANCE IN CONVERTERS 317
Vers : CHAPTER 9 : DISCONTINUOUS MODES 363

Vers : PART III : REAL COMPONENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS
Vers : CHAPTER 10 : REAL SOURCES AND LOADS 393
Vers : CHAPTER 11 : CAPACITORS AND RESISTORS 425
Vers : CHAPTER 12 : MAGNETICS CONCEPTS FOR POWER ELECTRONICS 455
Vers : CHAPTER 13 : POWER SEMICONDUCTORS IN CONVERTERS 501
Vers : CHAPTER 14 : INTERFACING WITH POWER SEMICONDUCTORS. 587

Vers : PART IV : CONTROL ASPECTS
Vers : CHAPTER 15 : OVERVIEW OF FEEDBACK CONTROL FOR CONVERTERS. 631
Vers : CHAPTER 16 : APPROXIMATE METHODS FOR CONTROL DESIGN 681
Vers : CHAPTER 17 : BOUNDARY CONTROL 727

Vers : APPENDIX - 763
Vers : INDEX 757


PART I : PRINCIPLES

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CHAPTER 1 : BACKGROUND. 3

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1.1 The energy basis of electrical engineering 4
1.2 What is Power Electronics? 8
1.3 The need for electrical conversion11
1.4 History.13
1.4.1 The early history of rectifier devices13
1.4.2 Inverters, controlled rectifiers, and the SCR.15
1.4.3 Inversion from dc voltage.17
1.4.4 Power supplies and dc-dc conversion.20
1.4.5 Power electronics as a practice.23
1.4.6 Summary and future developments.26
1.5 Goals and methods of electrical conversion27
1.5.1 The basic objectives27
1.5.2 The efficiency objective : the switch28
1.5.3 The reliability objective : simplicity and integration.30
1.5.4 Important variables and notation30
1.5.5 Conversion examples.31
1.6 Recap.40
1.7 Problems40
1.8 References44

Référence : H.D. Brown, J.J. Smith, "Current and voltage wave shape of mercury arc rectifiers", Trans. AIEE, vol 52, p 973, 1933.


CHAPTER 2 : ORGANIZING AND ANALYZING SWITCHES45

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2.1 Introduction46
2.2 The switch matrix.46
2.3 The reality of Kirchoff's Voltage and Current Laws50
2.4 The switch state matrix and switching functions.54
2.5 Overview of switching devices.62
2.6 Analyzing diode switch circuits.66
2.7 The significance of Fourier analysis76
2.8 Review of Fourier Series77
2.9 Power and average power in Fourier Series.84
2.10 Fourier Series representation of switching functions.89
2.11 Summary and recap90
2.12 Problems.93
2.13 References.97


CHAPTER 3 : CONVERTER CONCEPTS.99

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3.1 Introduction 100
3.2 Source conversion. 100
3.3 Distortion 103
3.4 Regulation 109
3.5 Equivalent sources 114
3.6 Introduction to power filtering. 117
3.7 Power filter examples. 121
3.8 Power factor 125
3.9 Recap. 129
3.10 Problems. 130
3.11 References. 133


PART II : CONVERTERS AND APPLICATIONS

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CHAPTER 4 : DC-DC CONVERTERS. 135

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4.1 Introduction 136
4.2 Why not voltage dividers?. 136
4.3 Linear methods and direct dc-dc converters 138
4.3.1 Linear regulators. 139
4.3.2 The buck converter 140
4.3.3 The boost converter. 147
4.4 Indirect dc-dc converters. 150
4.4.1 The buck-boost converter 150
4.4.2 The boost-buck converter 153
4.4.3 The flyback converter. 154
4.4.4 Other indirect converters. 157
4.5 Forward converters 160
4.5.1 Basic transformer operation. 160
4.5.2 General considerations in forward converters 161
5.3 Catch-winding forward converter. 162
4.5.4 Ac link forward converters 165
4.5.5 Boost-derived forward converters 168
4.6 Bidirectional converters 169
4.7 Dc-dc converter design examples. 171
4.8 Recap. 176
4.9 Problems 178
4.10 References 183


CHAPTER 5 : DIODE-CAPACITOR CIRCUITS AND RECTIFIERS 185

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5.1 Introduction 186
5.2 Rectifier overview 186
5.3 The classical rectifier : operation and analysis. 189
5.4 The classical rectifier : regulation. 198
5.5 Inductive filtering. 199
5.6 Charge pumps 202
5.7 Ac-dc switching power converters 207
5.7.1 Introduction.. 207
5.7.2 Controlled bridge and midpoint rectifiers. 207
5.7.3 The complementary midpoint rectifier 217
5.7.4 The multi-input bridge rectifier 219
5.8 Effects of line inductance 223
5.9 Recap. 226
5.10 Problems. 228
5.11 References. 233
  [1] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [2] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [3] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [4] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [5] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [6] : [99ART039] A.W. KELLEY, W.F. YADUSKY, Rectifier design for minimum line current harmonics and maximum power factor, proceeding of APEC'89, march 1989, pp 13-22.
  [7] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [8] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.
  [9] :  [PAP157]  Référence non disponible.


CHAPTER 6 : INVERTERS 235

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6.1 Introduction 236
6.2 Inverter considerations. 236
6.3 Voltage-sourced inverter control 240
6.4 Pulse-width modulation 246
6.4.1 Introduction 246
6.4.2 Creating PWM waveforms 249
6.4.3 Drawbacks of PWM 256
6.4.4 Multi-level PWM. 256
6.4.5 Inverter input current under PWM 257
6.5 Pulse-width modulated rectifiers 259
6.6 Current-source inverters 261
6.7 A short introduction to converters for ac drives 263
6.8 Inverter design examples 265
6.9 Recap. 271
6.10 Problems. 274
6.11 References. 278
  [1] : [99ART039] A.W. KELLEY, W.F. YADUSKY, Rectifier design for minimum line current harmonics and maximum power factor, proceeding of APEC'89, march 1989, pp 13-22.


CHAPTER 7 : AC-AC CONVERTERS. 279

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7.1 Introduction 280
7.2 Frequency matching conditions. 281
7.3 Direct-switching frequency changers. 282
7.3.1 Slow-switching frequency converters. 283
7.3.2 The choice fswitch = fin + fout. 286
7.3.3 Unifying the direct switching methods. 290
7.4 The cycloconverter 292
7.5 Other nonlinear phase modulation methods 297
7.6 PWM ac-ac conversion 299
7.7 Dc link converters 300
7.8 Ac regulators. 303
7.9 Integral cycle control 309
7.10 Recap 310
7.11 Problems. 311
7.12 References. 316


CHAPTER 8 : INTRODUCTION TO RESONANCE IN CONVERTERS 317

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8.1 Introduction 318
8.2 Review of resonance. 318
8.2.1 Characteristic equations 318
8.2.2 Step function excitation 320
8.2.3 Phasor analysis of series-resonant filters 324
8.3 Parallel resonance 327
8.4 Soft switching techniques : introduction. 331
8.4.1 Soft-switching principles. 331
8.4.2 Basic configurations 332
8.4.3 Parallel capacitor as a dc-dc soft switching element 335
8.5 Soft switching in dc-dc converters 335
8.5.1 Description of quasi-resonance 335
8.5.2 ZCS transistor action. 338
8.5.3 ZVS transistor action. 344
8.6 Resonance used for control : forward converters 349
8.7 Recap. 350
8.8 Problems 353
8.9 References 361


CHAPTER 9 : DISCONTINUOUS MODES 363

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9.1 Introduction 364
9.2 Dc-dc converters acting in discontinuous mode. 364
9.2.1 The nature of discontinuous mode 364
9.2.2 Discontinuous mode relationships for dc-dc converters. 369
9.2.3 Critical inductance. 373
9.2.4 Critical capacitance 378
9.3 Rectifiers and other converters in discontinuous mode. 380
9.3.1 Rectifiers 380
9.3.2 Ac regulators revisited. 384
9.4 Recap. 386
9.5 Problems 387
9.6 References 391


PART III : REAL COMPONENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS

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CHAPTER 10 : REAL SOURCES AND LOADS 393

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10.1 Introduction. 394
10.2 Real loads. 394
10.3 Wire inductance 399
10.4 Critical values and examples. 402
10.5 Real sources and interfaces for them. 406
10.5.1 Impedance behavior of sources 406
10.5.2 Dc source interfaces. 407
10.5.3 Interfaces for ac sources 411
10.6 Recap 418
10.7 Problems. 420
10.8 References. 424


CHAPTER 11 : CAPACITORS AND RESISTORS 425

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11.1 Introduction. 426
11.2 Capacitors : types and equivalent circuits 426
11.2.1 Major types 426
11.2.2 Equivalent circuit. 428
11.2.3 Impedance behavior. 432
11.2.4 Simple dielectric types and materials 434
11.2.5 Electrolytics 435
11.2.6 Double-layer capacitors 436
11.3 Effects of ESR. 437
11.4 Wire resistance 441
11.5 Resistors 446
11.6 Recap 449
11.7 Problems. 450
11.8 References. 454


CHAPTER 12 : MAGNETICS CONCEPTS FOR POWER ELECTRONICS 455

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12.1 Introduction. 456
12.2 Maxwell's equations 456
12.3 Materials and properties. 457
12.4 Magnetic circuits 459
12.4.1 The circuit analogy 459
12.4.2 Inductance. 460
12.4.3 Ideal and real transformers 468
12.5 The hysteresis loop and losses. 471
12.6 Saturation as a design constraint 475
12.6.1 Saturation limits 475
12.6.2 General design considerations 478
12.7 Design examples 481
12.7.1 Core material and geometry. 482
12.7.2 Design checks and capacity. 486
12.7.3 Losses. 490
12.8 Recap 493
12.9 Problems. 496
12.10 References. 500


CHAPTER 13 : POWER SEMICONDUCTORS IN CONVERTERS 501

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13.1 Introduction. 502
13.2 Switching device states 502
13.3 Static models 505
13.4 Switch energy losses and examples 510
13.4.1 General analysis of losses. 510
13.4.2 Losses during commutation 514
13.4.3 Examples. 519
13.5 Simple heat transfer models for power semiconductors. 525
13.6 The PN Junction as a Power Device 531
13.7 PN junction diodes and alternatives 534
13.8 The thyristor family. 537
13.9 Bipolar power transistors 541
13.10 Field-effect transistors 543
13.11 Insulated-gate bipolar transistors 548
13.12 Snubbers. 552
13.12.1 Introduction 552
13.12.2 Lossy turn-off snubbers. 554
13.12.3 Turn-on snubbers 559
13.12.4 Combined snubbers. 563
13.12.5 Lossless snubbers. 563
13.13 Dc-dc converter design example. 564
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Info : page 316, il y a la DATA SHEET des diodes MBR3035PT et MBR3045PT, 30A, 35V & 45V, qui sont maintenant :
Lien : MBR2535.pdf - 4 pages, 83 Ko, MBR3035CT, Switchmode(tm) Power Rectifier, Schottky, 30 A, 35 V.
Lien : MBR3045.pdf - 4 pages, 86 Ko, MBR3045PT, Switchmode(tm) Power Rectifier, Schottky, 2x15 A, 45 V.
13.14 Recap 574
13.15 Problems. 579
13.16 References. 584


CHAPTER 14 : INTERFACING WITH POWER SEMICONDUCTORS. 587

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14.1 Introduction. 588
14.2 Gate drives 589
14.2.1 Overview. 589
14.2.2 Voltage-controlled gates. 589
14.2.3 Current-controlled gates. 595
14.2.4 Pulsed gate drives. 599
Example 14.2.6 : commande par transformateur d'impulsions, à faire en TD.
14.2.5 Other thyristors. 604
14.3 Isolation 605
14.4 P-channel applications and shoot through. 611
14.5 Sensors for power electronic switches 613
14.5.1 Resistive sensing 613
14.5.2 Integrating sensing functions with the gate drive 616
14.5.3 Non-electrical sensing. 619
14.6 Recap 623
14.7 Problems. 625
14.8 References. 629


PART IV : CONTROL ASPECTS

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CHAPTER 15 : OVERVIEW OF FEEDBACK CONTROL FOR CONVERTERS. 631

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15.1 Introduction. 632
15.2 The regulation and control problem. 632
15.2.1 Introduction. 632
15.2.2 Defining the regulation problem 633
15.2.3 The control problem 633
15.3 Review of feedback control principles 634
15.3.1 Open loop and closed loop control 634
15.3.2 Block diagrams. 637
15.3.3 System gain 639
15.3.4 Transient response. 642
15.3.5 Stability 643
15.4 Converter models for feedback 648
15.4.1 Basic converter dynamics. 648
15.4.2 Fast switching. 650
15.4.3 Piecewise-linear models 650
15.4.4 Discrete-time models. 652
15.5 Voltage-mode and current-mode controls for dc-dc converters 653
15.5.1 Voltage mode control. 653
15.5.2 Current mode control. 658
15.5.3 Large-signal issues in voltage-mode and current-mode control661
15.6 Comparator-based controls for rectifier systems 665
15.7 Proportional and proportional-integral control applications 669
15.8 Recap 671
15.9 Problems. 675
15.10 References. 678


CHAPTER 16 : APPROXIMATE METHODS FOR CONTROL DESIGN 681

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16.1 Introduction. 682
16.2 Averaging methods and models. 682
16.2.1 Formulation of averaged models 682
16.2.2 Averaged circuit models. 691
16.3 Small-signal analysis and linearization 693
16.3.1 The need for small-signal models 693
16.3.2 Obtaining models 694
16.3.3 Generalizing the process 697
16.4 Control and control design based on linearization 699
16.4.1 Transfer functions 699
16.4.2 Control design þ Introduction. 705
16.4.3 Compensation and filtering 710
16.4.4 Compensated feedback examples. 714
16.4.5 Challenges for control design. 720
16.5 Recap 721
16.6 Problems. 722
16.7 References. 725


CHAPTER 17 : BOUNDARY CONTROL 727

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17.1 Introduction. 728
17.2 Hysteresis control. 728
17.2.1 Definition and basic behavior 728
17.2.2 Hysteresis control in dc-dc converters. 730
17.2.3 Power factor corrector. 740
17.2.4 Inverters 742
17.2.5 Design approaches 745
17.3 General boundary control. 747
17.3.1 Behavior near a boundary. 747
17.3.2 Possible behavior 748
17.3.3 Choosing a boundary 750
17.4 Other classes of boundaries 756
17.5 Recap 757
17.6 Problems. 760
17.7 References. 761


APPENDIX - 763

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A. Trigonometric identities 765
B. Unit systems 767
C. Computer analysis of problems. 770
C.1 Mathematica listings
C.2 MathCad listings
C.3 SPICE listings
D. Reference Materials
D.1 Fourier series of certain waveforms
D.2 Three-Phase Graph Paper


INDEX 757

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Triac : 766
ac redulator applications, 271-273, 296.
definition, 54, 271, 525.
gate drive issues, 548-549, 566-567.
SCR rectifier analysis, 182 192, 339.


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